Migraines are a common health problem worldwide and affect between 15 and 18% of the world population. Although they are usually classified as a type of headache, migraines are a much more complex neurological pathology that can be highly limiting for those who suffer from them.
Although symptoms vary from person to person, migraines are characterized by an intense, throbbing headache that can last for several hours or even days. This headache is usually accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, among others.
Although many of the causes that cause migraines are still unknown, it is known that it is a complex disease that is influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. In fact, it is estimated that in two thirds of those affected, there is a family history of migraines and studies have shown that the influence of genetics exceeds 50%.
The genetic predisposition to suffer migraines does not mean that they are necessarily suffered, since environmental factors such as stress, lack of sleep, hormonal changes, diet or exposure to certain stimuli also play a role. However, knowing our genetic predisposition to suffer from migraines can be of great help to be able to adapt our lifestyle and minimize its impact.